Types of pigmentation

Freckles

Freckles are flat circular spots which are usually tan or light brown in colour. Freckles are an extremely common type of hyperpigmentation and are more often seen among people with a lighter skin tone. Freckles develop on the skin on areas that are repeatedly exposed to the sun. Long-term exposure to the UV rays from the sun can cause the surfacing of new freckles and the darkening of existing ones.

SOLAR LENTIGINES

Commonly known as sunspots, solar lentigines are usually brown in colour and they do not cause a change in skin texture. They are darker, bigger and more irregular in appearance as compared to freckles. People with a lighter skin tone are said to be more prone to sunspots. Exposure to UV rays for a prolonged period of time may cause more sunspots to develop and existing ones to become darker in colour.

Age spots

Usually tan, brown or black in colour, age spots are oval in shape. They can be as small as a freckle but may be bigger. Age spots tend to develop on the face after the age of 40, indicating that the skin has entered its ageing period. As skin ages and is exposed to environmental damages, melanin is consistently produced to protect the skin. Hence, age spots are very common in adults over the age of 50. Nevertheless, it may develop on younger people too, especially those who spend a lot of time in the sun.

Melasma/Chloasma

Melasma is characterized by a butterfly-shaped hyperpigmentation on the face. It is a type of hyperpigmentation which is more prevalent among people with a darker skin tone. It commonly occurs during pregnancy and then is also known as ‘the mask of pregnancy’ or ‘chloasma’. Melasma typically appears across the upper cheeks. However, other areas such as the forehead, upper lip and the chin area may be affected as well. Apart from pregnancy, Melasma can also occur due to other hormonal changes like menopause, certain medications like oral contraceptives, etc.

Post acne hyperpigmentation

Acne often leads to marks or scars. Healing of acne can lead to 2 types of marks. Marks which are reddish in colour are caused by broken blood capillaries that have yet to heal at the site of acne lesion. On the other hand, marks which are dark in colour result from an overproduction of melanin in reaction to skin inflammation at the affected area. Without proper treatment, post-acne pigmentation may take months or even years to fade off. Squeezing or popping of pimples, using of strong or irritating products can lead to more inflammation and thus increase the chance of post acne marks.

Other reasons for Pigmentation

Other reasons for pigmentation on the face are post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (other than post acne), uneven skin tone, sun tanning, naevi, etc.

Treatments

PEELS

Chemical peels are products derived from naturally occurring substances like sugar cane and milk, that help to treat pigmentation, patchy skin and tanning. We use different peels like Glycolic, Lactic, TCA, Yellow peel, Cosmelan peel, etc in various combinations to target the pigment in various levels of the skin.

Q-SWITCHED ND-YAG LASER - HELIOS III

Helios III is one of the most advanced USFDA approved laser that takes treatment of pigmentation to a new level. The first of its kind with real twin pulse, Helios III evens out skin colour and gets rid of pigmentation revealing a brighter, lighter skin. Also known as laser toning, it stimulates collagen synthesis, leading to an improvement in pore size and fine lines.

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PLATELET RICH PLASMA (prp)

Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP is a treatment that uses your own plasma and growth factors to stimulate your skin cells to produce newer, younger and lighter skin. Certain types of pigmentation are known to improve with PRP. It can be combined with Q switched laser, Peels, etc. for better and faster results.

OXYGENEO Facial

It exfoliates, oxygenates and infuses the skin with active ingredients that help to reduce pigment and brighten the skin.