Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a disease that causes the loss of skin color in patches. The extent and rate of pigment loss from vitiligo is unpredictable. It can affect the skin on any part of your body. Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin die or stop functioning. Treatment for vitiligo may restore color to the affected skin. However recurrence is known.

HIVES/Urticaria/Dermographism

Urticaria, also known as hives, is an outbreak of swollen, pale red bumps or plaques (wheals) on the skin that appear suddenly -- either as a result of the body's reaction to certain allergens, or for unknown reasons. Hives usually cause itching, but may also burn or sting. Hives may sometimes be associated with swelling of the face and lips. Treatment includes oral anti-allergic medicines. The challenge lies in recognizing the allergen.

Eczema /Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis (also known as AD) is the most common type of eczema. Atopic dermatitis typically begins in childhood, usually in the first six months of a baby’s life. Even though it’s a common form of eczema, it’s also severe and long-lasting. Often, atopic dermatitis disappears as a child grows older, though some children will have atopic dermatitis flares into adulthood. Treatment includes regular skin care, topical and sometimes oral medications.

FUNGAL INFECTION

Fungal infections are very common in India. Fungal infection usually occurs in body folds like underarms and groins. However they do commonly spread to other body areas like buttocks, chest, back, abdomen and sometimes even face. They appear as ring shaped erythematous or red coloured scaly patches that are extremely itchy in nature. They are highly infectious and spread from person to person. Predisposing factors are diabetes mellitus, prolonged illnesses, prolonged courses of antibiotics, lack of hygiene, etc. Treatment includes long courses of oral as well as topical antifungals.

COLD SORE

Cold sores otherwise known as fever blisters - are an extremely common infection that causes a small blister or a group of small blisters to form around the mouth and nostrils. Anyone can get a cold sore and most people will contract one by physical contact with an affected person. Cold sores are generally harmless in most healthy adults, apart from being contagious. They usually occur when one has high fever or immunity is compromised due to any other reason. Treatment includes oral antiviral medicines.

Lichen Planus

This is an autoimmune skin condition, characterized by appearance of violaceous itchy plaques. These can occur anywhere on the body and can be few or widespread. Treatment includes oral as well as topical medications. Relapses are known.

WARTS

A wart is a small growth with a rough texture that can appear anywhere on the body. It can look like a solid blister or a small cauliflower. Warts are caused by viruses from the human papillomavirus (HPV) family. These are highly infectious and can spread from one part of the body to another and from one person to another on close contact. Treatment includes removal of these warts by radiofrequency under topical or local anesthesia. After removal, the skin takes about a week to heal. Recurrence is known and follow up treatments are required often.

Skin tags / DPNs / Acrochordons

These are tiny growths of skin that look like warts but are non – infectious in nature. They are localized over-growths of the skin. They usually appear on the neck, face and underarms but can affect other parts like chest and back. Treatment includes removal by Radiofrequency under topical or local anesthesia.

Xanthelasma

These are tiny yellowish asymptomatic lesions that develop around the eyes. They are usually a sign of raised cholesterol but may occur without that. Treatment includes removal either by Radiofrequency or by Chemical Cauterization.

PSORIASIS

Psoriasis is a chronic condition that causes the rapid buildup of skin cells. This buildup of cells causes scaling on the skin’s surface. Inflammation and redness around the scales is fairly common. Typical psoriatic scales are whitish-silver and develop in thick, red patches. Sometimes, these patches will crack and bleed. Scales typically develop on joints, such as elbows and knees. They may develop anywhere on the body, including the:
• hands
• feet
• neck
• scalp
• face

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